Journal Articles

    1. Iacovelli, J.N., Yang, J., Thomas, G., Wu, H., Schiltz, T., Foster D. (2013). The effect of field condition and shoe type on lower extremity injuries in American football.  The British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47: 789-793.  doi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-092113. PDF.
    2. Schall, M. C., Rusch, M. L., Lee, J. D., Dawson, J. D., Thomas, G., Aksan, N., & Rizzo, M. (2013). Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society55(3), 643-658. PDF.
    3. Hornbeck, T., Naylor, D., Segre, A. M., Thomas, G., Herman, T., & Polgreen, P. M. (2012). Using sensor networks to study the effect of peripatetic healthcare workers on the spread of hospital-associated infections. Journal of Infectious Diseases206(10), 1549-1557. PDF.
    4. Sharma, D., Thomas, G. W., Foster, E. D., Iacovelli, J., Lea, K. M., Streit, J. A., & Polgreen, P. M. (2012). The Precision of Human-Generated Hand-Hygiene Observations: A comparison of human observation with an automated monitoring system. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology33(12), 1259-1261. PDF.
    5. Fries, J., Segre, A. M., Thomas, G., Herman, T., Ellingson, K., & Polgreen, P. M. (2012). Monitoring hand hygiene via human observers: How should we be sampling?. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology33(7), 689-695. PDF.
    6. Karam, M.D., Kho, J.Y., Yehyawi, T.M., Ohrt, G.T., Thomas, G.W., Jonard, Brandon, Anderson, D.D., Marsh, J.L. (2012). Application of surgical skill simulation training and assessment in orthopaedic trauma. Iowa Orthopeadic Journal, 32:76-82. PDF.
    7. Ellingson, K., Polgreen, P. M., Schneider, A., Shinkunas, L., Kaldjian, L. C., Wright, D., … & Sinkowitz-Cochran, R. (2011). Healthcare personnel perceptions of hand hygiene monitoring technology. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology32(11), 1091-1096. PDF.
    8. Thornburg, K. M., & Thomas, G. W. (2009). Robotic exploration utility for urban search and rescue tasks. Journal of Computers4(10), 975-980. PDF.
    9. Xiang, Z., Thomas, G. W., Thornburg, K. M., Cabrol, N., Grin, E., & Anderson, R. C. (2009). Slope perception from monoscopic field images: Applications to mobile robot navigation. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems54(4), 595-612. PDF.
    10. Gerling, G. J., & Thomas, G. W. (2008). Fingerprint lines may not directly affect SA-I mechanoreceptor response. Somatosensory & Motor Research25(1), 61-76. PDF.
    11. Glasgow, J. M., Thomas, G., Pudenz, E., Cabrol, N., Wettergreen, D., & Coppin, P. (2008). Optimizing information value: Improving rover sensor data collection. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans38(3), 593-604. PDF.
    12. Thomas, G. W., Peate, I. U., Nakamoto, J., Pudenz, E., Glasgow, J., Bretthauer, J., … & Waggoner, A. S. (2007). Comparing different methods for assessing ground truth of rover data analysis for the 2005 season of the Life in the Atacama Project. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (2005–2012)112(G04S09). doi:10.1029/2006JG000318. PDF.
    13. Weinstein, S., Pane, D., Ernst, L. A., Warren-Rhodes, K., Dohm, J. M., Hock, A. N., … & Waggoner, A. S. (2008). Application of pulsed-excitation fluorescence imager for daylight detection of sparse life in tests in the Atacama Desert. Journal of Geophysical Research113(G01S90). PDF.
    14. Warren‐Rhodes, K., Weinstein, S., Dohm, J., Piatek, J., Minkley, E., Hock, A., … & Wyatt, M. (2007). Searching for microbial life remotely: Satellite‐to‐rover habitat mapping in the Atacama Desert, Chile. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (2005–2012)112(G04S05). doi:10.1029/2006JG000283. PDF.
    15. Piatek, J. L., Hardgrove, C., Moersch, J. E., Drake, D. M., Wyatt, M. B., Rampey, M., … & Glasgow, J. (2007). Surface and subsurface composition of the Life in the Atacama field sites from rover data and orbital image analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (2005–2012)112(G04S04). doi:10.1029/2006JG000317. PDF.
    16. Cabrol, N. A., Wettergreen, D., Warren‐Rhodes, K., Grin, E. A., Moersch, J., Diaz, G. C., … & Wyatt, M. (2007). Life in the Atacama: Searching for life with rovers (science overview). Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (2005–2012)112(G4S05). doi:10.1029/2006JG000298. PDF.
    17. Johnson, J.S., Liu, Li, Thomas, G., and Spencer, J.P. (2007). Calibration algorithm for eye tracking with unrestricted head movement. Behavior Research Methods, 39(1): 123-132. PDF.
    18. Kanduri, A. K., Thomas, G., Cabrol, N., Grin, E., & Anderson, R. C. (2005). The (in) accuracy of novice rover operators’ perception of obstacle height from monoscopic images. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans35(4), 505-512. PDF.
    19. Gerling, G. J., & Thomas, G. W. (2005). Augmented, pulsating tactile feedback facilitates simulator training of clinical breast examinations. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society47(3), 670-681. PDF.
    20. Wagner, J., Thomas, G., & Stanford, C. (2003). Forces exerted by a conventional dental explorer during clinical examination. Caries Research37(5), 365-368. PDF.
    21. Gerling, G. J., Weissman, A. M., Thomas, G. W., & Dove, E. L. (2003). Effectiveness of a dynamic breast examination training model to improve clinical breast examination (CBE) skills. Cancer Detection and Prevention27(6), 451-456. PDF.
    22. Thomas, G. (2003). Real-time panospheric image dewarping and presentation for remote mobile robot control. Advanced Robotics17(4), 359-368. PDF.
    23. Thomas, G., Goldberg, J. H., Cannon, D. J., & Hillis, S. L. (2002). Surface textures improve the robustness of stereoscopic depth cues. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society44(1), 157-170. PDF.
    24. Thomas, G., Reagan, M., Bettis, E. A., Cabrol, N., & Rathe, A. (2001). Analysis of science team activities during the 1999 Marsokhod rover field experiment: Implications for automated planetary surface exploration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012)106(E4), 7775-7783. PDF.
    25. Stoker, C. R., Cabrol, N. A., Roush, T. R., Moersch, J., Aubele, J., Barlow, N., … & Yingst, R. A. (2001). The 1999 Marsokhod rover mission simulation at Silver Lake, California: Mission overview, data sets, and summary of results. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012)106(E4), 7639-7664. PDF.
    26. Cabrol, N. A., Bettis, E. A., Glenister, B., Chong, G., Herrera, C., Jensen, A., … & Witzke, B. (2001). Nomad Rover Field Experiment, Atacama Desert, Chile: 2. Identification of paleolife evidence using a robotic vehicle: Lessons and recommendations for a Mars sample return mission. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012)106(E4), 7807-7815. PDF.
    27. Cabrol, N. A., Chong-Diaz, G., Stoker, C. R., Gulick, V. C., Landheim, R., Lee, P., … & Witzke, B. (2001). Nomad Rover Field Experiment, Atacama Desert, Chile: 1. Science results overview. Journal of Geophysical Research106(E4), 7785-7806. PDF.
    28. Wu, J., Chan, W. K., & Thomas, G. (2001). Rapid and accurate inter-robot position determination in robot teams. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 50(1), 163-168. PDF.
    29. Thomas, G., Johnson, L., Dow, S., & Stanford, C. (2001). The design and testing of a force feedback dental simulator. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine64(1), 53-64. PDF.
    30. Johnson, L., Thomas, G., Dow, S., & Stanford, C. (2000). An initial evaluation of the Iowa dental surgical simulator. Journal of Dental Education64(12), 847-854. PDF.
    31. Wagner, J. L., Thomas, G. W., Radtke, A. M., Stanford, C. M., Goel, V. K., & Wilder, D. G. (2000). The Iowa dental probe: A transducer to measure forces applied by dentists in a clinical setting. Journal of Clinical Engineering25(3), 164-168. PDF.
    32. Stanford, C. M., Welsch, F., Kastner, N., Thomas, G., Zaharias, R., Holtman, K., & Brand, R. A. (2000). Primary human bone cultures from older patients do not respond at continuum levels of in vivo strain magnitudes. Journal of Biomechanics33(1), 63-71. PDF.
    33. Wettergreen, D., Bapna, D., Maimone, M., & Thomas, G. (1999). Developing Nomad for robotic exploration of the Atacama Desert. Robotics and Autonomous Systems26(2), 127-148. PDF.
    34. Yun, M. H., Cannon, D., Freivalds, A., & Thomas, G. (1997). An instrumented glove for grasp specification in virtual-reality-based point-and-direct telerobotics. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics, 27(5), 835-846. PDF.
    35. Cannon, D. J., & Thomas, G. (1997). Virtual tools for supervisory and collaborative control of robots. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments6(1), 1-28. PDF.
    36. Thomas, G., Barton, R., & Cannon, D. (1995). Inferred advantage: Using Kogan’s symmetric action principle to empirically assess alternatives in complex system development. Research in Engineering Design7(4), 241-252. PDF.
    37. Cannon, D. J., Thomas, G., Wang, C., & Kesavadas, T. (1994). A virtual reality based point-and-direct robotic system with instrumented glove. International Journal of Industrial Engineering1(2), 139-148. PDF.
    38. Medeiros, D. J., Thomas, G., Ratkus, A. B., & Cannon, D. (1994). Off-line programming of coordinate measuring machines using a hand-held stylus. Journal of Manufacturing Systems13(6), 401-411. PDF.

Conference Papers

    1. Thomas, G.W., Anderson, D.D., Karam, M.D., Johns, B., Murillo, S.R., Lawrence Marsh J. (2013, September). A flexible orthopaedic trauma surgery box skills trainer. Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Omaha, NE. PDF.
    2. Johns, B., Thomas, G.W., Kho, J.Y., Karam, M.D., Marsh, J.L., Anderson, D.D. (2013, September). A novel augmented reality simulator for teaching wire navigation skills in treating intertrochanteric hip fractures. Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Omaha, NE. PDF.
    3. Ohrt, G.T., Thomas, G.W., Karam, M.D., Yehyawi, T.M., Westerlind, B.O., Marsh, J.L., Anderson, D.D. (2013, September). Simulation to improve surgical articular fracture reduction skills. Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Omaha, NE. PDF.
    4. Marsh, J.L., Kho, J.Y., Johns, B., Thomas, G.W., Karam, M.D., Anderson, D.D. (2013, June). A novel approach to teaching visual-spatial skills in wire navigated orthopaedic procedures. Paper presented at the 126th Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association, Denver, CO.
    5. Johns, B., Thomas, G.W., Kho, J.Y., Karam, M.D., Marsh, J.L., Anderson, D.D. (2013, May). The advantage of instantaneous versus delayed feedback in orthopaedic simulation. Paper presented at the 2013 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    6. Marsh, J.L., Kho, J.Y., Karam, M.D., Ohrt, G.T., Thomas, G.W., Yehyawi, T.M., Brown, T.D., Anderson, D.D. (2013, March). A surgical skills simulation training program in an articular fracture model for orthopaedic junior residents. Poster presented at the AAOS Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL. PDF.
    7. Hollopeter, N., Brown, T., & Thomas, G. (2012, September). Differences in novice and experienced driver response to lane departure warnings that provide active intervention. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 2216-2220). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    8. Herman, T., Monsalve, M., Pemmaraju, S., Polgreen, P., Segre, A. M., Sharma, D., & Thomas, G. (2012, September). Inferring realistic intra-hospital contact networks using link prediction and computer logins. In the 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Social Computing and 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust, (pp. 572-578). IEEE. PDF.
    9. Ohrt, G., Karam, M.D., Thomas, G.W., Kho, J., Yehyawi, T., Marsh, J.L., Anderson D.D. (2012, August).  Surgical simulation: Validating methods to improve orthopaedic resident skills competency. Abstract and poster presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Gainesville, FL. PDF.
    10. Kho, J.Y., Yehyawi, T.M., Marsh, J.L., Karam, M.D., Thomas, G.W., Ohrt G.T., Anderson, D.D., Brown, T.D. (2012, May). Articular fracture reduction simulation training program for orthopaedic residents. Paper presented at UIHC Graduate Medical Education Leadership Symposium, Iowa City, IA.
    11. Anadioti, E., Aquilino, S., Gratton, D., Holloway, J., Denry, I., Thomas, G.W., Qian, F. (2012, February). Marginal fit of two ceramic crowns made from two impressions. Poster presented at 61st Annual Scientific Session for the American Academy of Fixed Prosthodontics, Chicago, IL.
    12. Schall, M. C., Rusch, M. L., Thomas, G., & Lee, J. D. (2011, September). An Investigation of Learning Style and Discipline in a Human Factors Course. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 555-559). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    13. Thomas, G., Polgreen, P., Herman, T., Scranton, G., Sharma, D., Johns, B., Chen, H., et al. (2011, September). Improving patient safety with hand hygiene compliance monitoring. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 823-827). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    14. Fries, J., Tolentino, S.L., Thomas, G., Herman, T., Segre, A., Polgreen, P. (2011, April). Monitoring hand hygiene via human observers: How should we be sampling? Paper presented at the 21st Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, Dallas, TX. Abstract and Slides.
    15. Hornbeck, T., Curtis, D.E., Herman, T., Segre, A., Thomas, G., Naylor, D., Polgreen, P. (2011, April). Contact patterns for HCWs: Not everyone is the “average.” Poster presented at the 21st Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, Dallas, TX. PDF.
    16. Petrie, M. and Thomas, G. (2007, October). Mechanical properties of the haptic signals indicative of a breast cancer tumor.  In the 2007 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (pp. 2233-2238). IEEE. PDF.
    17. Thornburg, K. & Thomas, G. (2007, October). The scoring procedure for a competitive research competition influences the usefulness of the results in real-world applications.  In the 2007 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, (pp. 902-907). IEEE. PDF.
    18. Steele, F. & Thomas, G. (2007, March). Directed stigmergy-based control for multi-robot systems. In Proceedings of the 2ndACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, (pp. 223-230). ACM. PDF.
    19. Glasgow, J., Thomas, G., Pudenz, E., Cabrol, N., Wettergreen, D., Coppin, P. (2006, October). Panoramic image information utility for mobile robot exploration. In 2006 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, (Vol. 4, pp. 3216-3221). IEEE. PDF.
    20. Thornburg, K., Thomas, G., & Draper, S. (2006, October). Categorizing adverse medical device and medication event frequency. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 50, No. 10, pp. 1009-1013). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    21. Pudenz, E., Glasgow, J., Thomas, G., Coppin, P., Wettergreen, D., Cabrol, N. (2006, March). Searching for a quantitative proxy for rover science effectiveness. In Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCHI/SIGART Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, (pp. 18-25). ACM. PDF.
    22. Thomas, G. & Liu, Li. (2005, September). Displaying small surface features with a force feedback device in a dental training simulator. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 49, No. 26, pp. 2235-2239). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    23. Gerling, G. and Thomas, G. (2005, September). Two dimensional finite element modeling to identify physiological bases for tactile gap discrimination. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 49, No. 10, pp. 891-895). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    24. Glasgow, J., Pudenz, E., Thomas, G., Cabrol, N., Coppin P., & Wettergreen, D. (2005, August). Observations of a science team during an advanced planetary rover prototype field test. In the 2005 IEEE International Workshop on  Robot and Human Interactive Communication, (pp. 137-142). IEEE. PDF.
    25. Thomas, G., Coppin, P., Cabrol, N., Wettergreen, D., Pudenz, E., Glasgow, J. (2005, July). Collaborative virtual environments for control of planetary exploration rovers. Presented at the 2005 Special Session on Human Robot Interaction, Human Computer Interaction / Virtual Reality Conference, Las Vegas, NV.
    26. Warren-Rhodes, K., Weinstein, S., Pane, D., Cockell, C., Dohm, J., Piatek, J., … & Thomas, G. (2005, April). Mars analog habitat survey and the search for microbial life remotely with an autonomous astrobiology rover. Paper presented at the NAI Biennial Meeting, Cent. for Astrobiology, University of Colorado at Boulder.
    27. Gerling, G. and Thomas, G. (2005, March). The effect of fingertip microstructures on tactile edge perception. Paper presented at the First Joint Eurohaptics Conference and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, Pisa, Italy. PDF.
    28. Piatek, J. L., Moersch, J. E., Wyatt, M., Rampe, M., Cabrol, N. A., Wettergreen, D. S., Whittaker, R.; Grin, E. A., Chong Diaz, G., Cockell, C., Coppin, P., Dohm, J. M., Fisher, G., Hock, A. N., Marinangeli, L., Minkley, N., Ori, G. G.,Waggoner, A., Warren-Rhodes, K., Weinstein, S., Apostolopoulos, D., Smith, T., Wagner, M., Stubb, K., Thomas, G., & Glasgow, J. (2005, March). Spectroscopic results from the Life in the Atacama (LITA) project 2004 field season. Poster presented at the 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX. PDF.
    29. Dohm, J. M.; Cabrol, N. A.; Grin, E. A.; Moersch, J.; Chong Diaz, G.; Cockell, C.; Coppin, P.; Fisher, G.; Hock, A. N.;Marinangeli, L.; Minkley, N.; Ori, G. G.; Piatek, J. L.; Warren-Rhodes, K.; Weinstein, S.; Wyatt, M.; Smith, T.;Wagner, M.; Stubb, K.; Thomas, G. and Glasgow, J. (2005, March). Life in the Atacama — Year 2: Geologic reconnaissance through long-range roving and implications on the search for life. Poster presented at the 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX. PDF.
    30. Cabrol, N. A., Wettergreen, D. S., Whittaker, R., Grin, E. A., Moersch, J. E., Chong-Diaz, G., Cockell, C., Coppin, P., Dohm, J. M., Fisher, G., Hock, A. N., Marinangeli, L., Minkley, N., Ori, G. G., Piatek, J. L., Waggoner, A., Warren-Rhodes, K., Weinstein, S., Wyatt, M., Calderon, F., Heys, S., Jonak, D., Luders, A., Pane, T., Smith, T., Stubbs, K., Teza, J., Thompkins, P., Villa, D., Willams, C., Wagner, M., Thomas, G., & Glasgow, J. (2005, March). Searching for life with rovers: Exploration methods and science results from the 2004 field campaign of the “Life in the Atacama” project and applications to future Mars missions. Poster presented at the 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX. PDF.
    31. Thomas, G., Wagner, J., Xiang, Z., Kanduri, A., Glasgow, J. (2004). Analytical Rover Operations Development. Paper presented at the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Conference, The Hague, Netherlands.
    32. Anderson, R. C., Thomas, G., Wagner, J., & Glasgow, J. (2004, September). Error-associated behaviors and error rates for robotic geology. In Annual Conference. Pasadena, CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    33. Liu, L., Thomas, G., Stanford, C., & Johnson, L. (2004, September). The identification of the critical haptic stimulus features in a clinical dental task. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting (Vol. 48, No. 18, pp. 2137-2141). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    34. Wagner, J., Thomas, G., Glasgow, J., Anderson, R. C., Cabrol, N., & Grin, E. (2004, September). Error-associated behaviors and error rates for robotic geology. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting, (Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 444-447). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    35. Thomas, G. (2004, March). Engineering robotic geology for Mars exploration. Paper presented at 2004 IIE Annual Conference, Houston, TX.
    36. Johnson, L., Stanford, C., Tigrek, S., & Thomas, G. (2004, March). The effect of haptic sampling resolution in a surgical simulator.  Abstract presented at the IADR/AADR/CADR 82nd General Session, Honolulu, HI.
    37. Wagner, J., Anderson, R. C., Thomas, G., Cabrol, N., Grin, E., & Glasgow, J. (2003, December). Assessing Geologic Image Interpretations Errors Occurring in Extraterrestrial Robotic Exploration. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, (Vol. 1, p. 0406).
    38. Gerling, G., Thomas, G. (2003. October). Effect of augmented visual performance feedback on the effectiveness of clinical breast examination training with a dynamically configurable breast model. In IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, (Vol. 3, pp. 2095-2100). IEEE. PDF.
    39. Wagner, J., Thomas, G., Glasgow, J. (2003, October). Assessing geologic image interpretations errors occurring in extraterrestrial robotic exploration. In IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, (Vol. 3, pp. 2089-2094). IEEE. PDF.
    40. Gerling, G.J., Thomas, G.W., Weissman, A.M., Dove, E.L. (2003, April). A novel breast cancer simulator to improve training of physicians’ tactile sensitivity and discrimination skills in clinical breast examination. Paper presented at Iowa Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Des Moines, IA. Won best presentation award.
    41. Thomas, G. (2002, August). Guest Editor’s Introduction – Virtual environments and mobile robots: Control, simulation and robot pilot training. Presence, Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, (Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. iv-v). PDF.
    42. Thomas, G. Debbins, P. (2002, November). The engineering science preparation and introductory training (ESPRIT) Program. In 32nd Annual Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference, (Vol. 3, pp. S4C-23). IEEE. PDF.
    43. Severson, J., Cremer, J., Lee, K., Allison, D., Gelo, S., Edwards, J., Vanderleest, R., Heston, S., Kearney, J. and Thomas, G. (2002, September). Exploring virtual history at the National Museum of American History. In Proceedings of the 8th Intl. Conf. on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM2002), (pp. 61-70). PDF.
    44. Gerling, G., Thomas, G., Weissman, A., Dove, E. (2002, September). Dynamic simulator for training clinical breast examination. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting (Vol. 46, No. 16, pp. 1472-1476). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    45. Gerling, G., Thomas, G., Weissman, A., Dove, E. (2002, June). Effectiveness of a dynamic breast examination training model to improve clinical breast examination (CBE) skills. Paper presented at the World Breast Cancer Conference, Victoria, Canada.
    46. Thomas, G., Fienup, M., Gray, P., Changnon, N., Debbins, P., Dixon, R., Ferris, T., Hirshy, L., Jongedyk, H., Locke, A., Perry, D., Symonds, M., Tahir, R. (2001, December). Human control of cooperative robots working on Mars. Paper presented at the 11th annual Iowa Space Grant Consortium Conference, Marshalltown, IA. PDF.
    47. Harris, P., Stanford, C., Wagner, J., Thomas G. (2001, March). Use of a force transducer during clinical caries detection. In Journal of Dental Research, Special Issue (AADR Abstracts), (Vol. 80, pp. 118). American Association of Dental Research. PDF.
    48. Wagner, J.L., Stanford, C.M., Thomas, G.W. (2001, March). Dentist-specific patterns of forces are used in clinical procedures. In Journal of Dental Research, Special Issue (AADR Abstracts), (Vol. 80, pp. 207). American Association of Dental Research. PDF.
    49. Thomas, G., Steele, F., Gerling G. (2000, December). Stigmergy and bandwidth optimization: Two new approaches to human interactions with planetary robotics. Presentation made at the 10h Annual Iowa Space Grant Consortium Conference, Marshalltown, IA. PDF.
    50. Reagan, M., Thomas, G., Bauerly, M., Gerling, G., Petrie, C. (2000, December). VVROM: Volcanic visual and thermographic onsite, real time monitoring. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Iowa Space Grant Conference, Marshalltown, IA. PDF.
    51. Steele, F., Pollack, E., Thomas, G., Lee, J. (2000, April/May). Leveraging popular game designs to understand multi-agent system interfaces. In M. E. Benedict (Ed.), 5th International Conference on Human Interaction with Complex Systems, (pp. 99-107). Urbana, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. PDF.
    52. Johnson, L.A., Thomas, G., Dow, S., & Stanford C. (2000, January). An evaluation of a force feedback surgical simulator. In Journal of Dental Research, (Vol. 79, pp. 463). American Association of Dental Research.
    53. Thomas, G., Petrie, C., Loeppke, N., Bauerly, M., Mills, R., Rick, M., Wyatt, B., Reagan, M., Cabrol, N., Dow, S., Fischer, S., McClarigan, S., Steele, J., Wagner, J. (1999, November). Project MARVIN:  Mars Advanced Robotic Visualization Initiative. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Iowa Space Grant Consortium Conference, Cedar Falls, IA. PDF.
    54. Stanford, C.M., Welsch, F., Kastner, N., Thomas, G., Zaharias, R., Holtman, K., & Brand, R. (1999, October). Primary human bone cells from older patients do not respond in culture at continuum level in vivo strain magnitudes. In 23rd Annual Meeting, American Society of Biomechanics Abstract Book, (pp. 162-163). PDF.
    55. Dow, S., Thomas, G., & Johnson, L. (1999, September). Signal detection performance with a haptic device. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 43rd Annual Meeting (Vol. 43, No. 22, pp. 1233-1237). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    56. Tawil, A. Z., Thomas, G., Lee, J. D., & McLennan, G. (1999, September). What’s so hard about bronchoscopic surgery? In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 43rd Annual Meeting (Vol. 43, No. 15, pp. 845-849). SAGE Publications. PDF.
    57. Coppin, P., Morrissey, A., Wagner, M. D., Vincent, M., & Thomas, G. (1999, May). Big Signal: Information interaction for public telerobotic exploration. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Current Challenges in Internet Robotics, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. IEEE. PDF.
    58. Steele, F., Thomas, G., Blackmon, T. (1999, March). An operator interface for a robot-mounted, 3D camera system: Project Pioneer.  In Proceedings of the IEEE Virtual Reality International Symposium, (pp. 126-132). IEEE. PDF.
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